V.1(1) 5. Original Research Article: A STUDY ON USAGE PATTERN OF PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS DISPENSED OVER THE COUNTER (OTC) IN COMMUNITY SETTINGS

 T Luvanda1, BRJ Kumar1*, Ambed Mishra1,2,3, Anil Kumar1

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara (JSS) Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, Farooqia College of Pharmacy, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, CSI Holdsworth Memorial (Mission) Hospital, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT
Background: Prescription medications are medications that are sold over the counter as per the prescription of a registered medical practitioner. Since there is no officially published list of Over-The-Counter (OTC) medications in India, most of the drugs are dispensed by the dispensing pharmacist.

Objective: To assess the usage pattern of prescription medicines sold OTC.

Methodology: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at one selected pharmacy community setting in Mysore city. Research duration (4 pm to 6 pm) on daily basis carried out for a period of 9 months by research investigators to assess the prescription medications sold OTC. During the study period, the response of the customers who visited the pharmacy to purchase prescription medications without prescriptions and agreed to answer the questionnaire to assess their knowledge on the use of purchased medications were documented. Statistical analysis used: Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.

Results: Out of a total of 962 customers, 560 purchased prescription medications without a prescription during our research period. A total of 282 (50.36%) customers agreed to answer the questionnaire. Self-medication was highly prevalent among educated individuals aged between 21-40 years (45.71%;256). The most common purchased prescription medications OTC were analgesics (41.25%;231), followed by antibiotics (32.50%;182). Conclusions: Overall, this research study concluded that most commonly purchased medications without prescription were analgesics and antibiotics. Drug regulatory authorities in India should enforce stringent laws
to ensure control over the sale of OTC medications.

Keywords: Community Setting, Usage Pattern, OTC

CITE:
Luvanda T, Kumar BRJ, Mishra A, Kumar A. A Study on Usage Pattern Of Prescription Medications Dispensed Over The Counter (OTC) in Community Settings, The International Journal of Therapeutics  2018; 1(1):25-38.

 

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